Year 2

The Year 2 national curriculum introduces the following topics:

  • recognise, find, name and write fractions 1/3 , 1/4 , 2/4 and 3/4 of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity

  • write simple fractions, for example 1/2 of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and 1/2

  • order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences

  • use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti-clockwise)

  • identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides, and line symmetry in a vertical line

  • identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces

  • identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes, [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid]

  • compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects

  • choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels

  • compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =

  • recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value

  • find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money

  • solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change

  • compare and sequence intervals of time

  • tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times

  • know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day

  • count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in 10s from any number, forward and backward

  • recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (10s, 1s)

  • identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line

  • compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs

  • read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words

  • use place value and number facts to solve problems

  • solve problems with addition and subtraction:

  • using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures
    applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods

  • recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100

  • add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including:

  • a two-digit number and 1s
    a two-digit number and 10s
    2 two-digit numbers
    adding 3 one-digit numbers

  • show that addition of 2 numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of 1 number from another cannot

  • recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems

  • recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers

  • calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals (=) signs

  • show that multiplication of 2 numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of 1 number by another cannot

  • solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts

  • interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and tables

  • ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity

  • ask-and-answer questions about totalling and comparing categorical data