Year 1

The Year 1 national curriculum introduces the following topics:

  • recognise, find and name a half as 1 of 2 equal parts of an object, shape or quantity

  • recognise, find and name a quarter as 1 of 4 equal parts of an object, shape or quantity

  • describe position, direction and movement, including whole, half, quarter and three-quarter turns

  • compare, describe and solve practical problems for:

  • lengths and heights [for example, long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half], mass/weight [for example, heavy/light, heavier than, lighter than], capacity and volume [for example, full/empty, more than, less than, half, half full, quarter], time [for example, quicker, slower, earlier, later]

  • measure and begin to record the following:

  • lengths and heights
    capacity and volume
    time (hours, minutes, seconds)
    recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes
    sequence events in chronological order using language [for example, before and after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening]

  • recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years

  • tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times

  • count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number

  • count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals; count in multiples of 2s, 5s and 10s

  • given a number, identify 1 more and 1 less

  • identify and represent numbers using objects and pictorial representations including the number line, and use the language of:
    equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least

  • read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words

  • read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (?) and equals (=) signs

  • represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20

  • add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20, including 0

  • solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as 7 = ? ? 9

  • solve one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher